Check This Out!

MA Program in Psychology

A summer and one
extra year to earn a
Masters Degree.

Link to Program Description

And here is the page for Current Research Assistant Openings. Click the "How do I get involved" link and then see the document on the Current Openings link. Also, check now and then because it changes.

Fall 2013 Campus Calendars
- Academic Calendar
- Final Exam Calendar

Worried about icy weather?
Check 632-SNOW to see if class is cancelled.


NOTE: This Web site will be updated continuously throughout the semester.

Your responsibility to stay up to date on assignments and exams.

Fall 2013: The study of the ways in which people differ. Examines traditional and current thinking and research about the nature and causes of the individual patterns of behavior, emotion, and thinking that we call personality. (From The Undergraduate Bulletin)

More specifically: This is an advanced course on personality theory.  Rather than survey a wide range of theories, we will examine in detail good examples of several influential types of personality theories - psychodynamic theory, theories that emphasize relationships, and cognitive theories of the self.  Studying detailed examples of such theories will provide a historical perspective on the development of personality theory, useful perspectives on personality traits and personality disorders, and powerful conceptual tools for further reading in personality theory and research.

Prof. Everett Waters

Brittany Speed
Grad TA

Ellen Kessel
Grad TA

Office: 358  Psych B
Hrs: Tu & Th 3:30 - 5:15 and  by appt.
Research  web site:

Alicia An
Undergrad TA

Office: 329 Psych B
Hours Fri 10-noon.
Office: 414 Psych B
Hours Mon 1:30-2:30



PSY 345 PERSONALITY Fall 2013 SYLLABUS (Paper copy)

(Course procedures and requirements are listed below the class schedule.)

Schedule is subject to revision. Check website regularly

Additional readings will be added to the syllabus during the semester. If we spend more or less time on a topic, reading schedule will be revised. Revisions will be announced in class.

Note: You need a current version of the Adobe Acrobat Reader to open .pdf format files on this page. The easiest way to see if you have the reader is to try to open one of the files. If necessary, download the Reader free from

Note: Some Required Readings should be read after a particular lecture. In such cases, the reading is not underlined and is not yet linked to a file.



Fall 2013 SYLLABUS

Revised: 9/9/2013 9pm

Schedule is subject to revision. Check website regularly

Additional readings will be added to the syllabus during the semester. If we spend more or less time on a topic, reading schedule will be revised. Revisions will be announced in class.

Note: You need a current version of the Adobe Acrobat Reader to open .pdf format files on this page. The easiest way to see if you have the reader is to try to open one of the files. If necessary, download the Reader free from

Note: Some Required Readings should be read after a particular lecture. In such cases, the reading is not underlined and is not yet linked to a file.


Topics and
On-line Resources

Assigned Readings
Aug 27 Tu


Course structure and requirements.

Aug 29 Th
The What and Why of Personality Psychology
Sept 5 Th

Lecture recording (.mp3)

Lecture focused on finishing previous (now updated) notes. We covered up to section "Using multiple measures". Will finish this and go on to Sept 10 notes in next lecture.


Sept 10 Tu

Freud's teacher:
Ernst Wilhelm Ritter von Brücke

Freud Museum - London

Freud Exhibit: PBS News
Hour with Jim Lehrer

The Cocaine Episode

Note:There are some interesting biographies of Brentano, Brucke, Meynert, and Charcot on Wikipedia


Freud Meynert
Brentano Charcot




Intro to Studying Freud's Life

Lecture Notes #2

(Based on Notes 1 & 2a, edited and combined.)


(Based on Notes #2b. This is a reading assignment. I won't lecture on much of this.)

Suggestions for
Reading Freud

Freud's Intro. Lecture

Sept 12 Th

Structure and Logic of
Freud's Theory

Mesmerism Essay

The Case of Anna O.

Lecture Notes #3

Structure of Freud's Theory, Mental Energy

Sept 17 Tu

Two Models of the Mind

Development: Drives and the Mental Apparatus

Abstracts of Freud's writings

Is Hysteria Real?
NY Times Article 2006


Lecture Notes #4
Structure of the Mental Apparatus

Sept 19 Th

Current Thinking on Unconscious Thought

Kihlstrom: UcS: Found, Lost, Found

Eagle: Cognitive Unconscious

Weston: Status of the Unconscious

Bargh: Unbearable Automaticity of Being

Structure of the Mental Apparatus


Sept 24 Tu


Exam 1(Grades)

Cut-offs will be adjusted at the end of the semester so that final grade distribution will be approximately 25% A, 25% B, 25% C, and 25% D & F.

Sept 26 Th

Dynamics of Unconscious Thought and Conflict


Lecture Notes #5
Development of Drives and Mental Apparatus

Oct 1 Tu

Defense Mechanisms

Defense Mechanisms
(a modern view)

Lecture Notes #6
Defense Mechanisms

Defense Mechanisms essay


Oct 3 Th

The UCS: Dreams, and Symbolism

Freud's Irma Dream:
His Own Interpretation

Link to Dream Bank
Indicate dream set, min. and max.
number of words, and
nukber of dreams to retrieve.

Interesting articles on dreams.

Lecture Notes #7

From Lecture:
Nurse's Dream

The following fairy tales illustrate
symbolic transformation. Don't bother memorizing details of the stories.

Jack & The Beanstalk
Three Little Pigs
Queen Bee
Fisherman & The Jinny

Oct 8 Th

Criticisms of Freud's Theory

Wolpe & Rachman
"Case of Little Hans"

Freud on Dr. Seuss

Critique of the Rorschach
Inkblot Test


Lecture Notes #8

Criticisms of Freud's Theory


Psychoanalytic Therapy Essay

Oct 10 Th


EXAM 2 (Grades)

Grades updated 10/30.
Be sure to complete any make up exams before
the next scheduled exam (Exam 3).

Oct 15 Tu

After Freud:Carl Jung's
Analytical Psychology


Carl Jung commenting on Freud:

Audio click here
Note: "to discuss au fond" = "to discuss without preconceptions"


Oct 17 Th

Sample Jung quotations

Carl Jung
(If you want to learn more about Jung, try this)

Jung (Cont.)

Oct 22 Tu
Sample Adler quotations

Lecture Notes #10

Alfred Adler

Individual Psychology

Essay on Alfred Adler

Oct 24 Th

Alfred Adler (Lecture 2)

This is a correction 11/5. I had scheduled Adler for only one lecture but devoted two lectures to his theory. Material on Erikson and Maslow (Lecture 1) has been moved down one date to reflect the dates on which the lectures were actually given. This does not change the date for EXAM 3. It remains Tues Nov. 12th.


Oct 29 Tu

Erik Erikson

The man who invented himself

Erik Erikson

Lecture Notes #11

Essay on Erik Erikson


Oct 31 Th

Erikson's Lifespan Theory

A useful Erikson web site



Erik Erikson

Erikson's Developmental Model


Nov 5 Tu

Abraham Maslow

Wikipedia on Maslow

Goals of Humanistic Psychotherapy

Interesting Book: The Road to Malpsychia by Joyce Milton. All about the Humanistic Perspective gone awry. If you think the 1960's were the Golden Age, try this.

(Amazon hardcover <$10)


Lecture Notes #12
Abraham Maslow


The Phenomenological/
Humanistic Tradition

Abraham Maslow

Maslow Biography


Nov 7 Th

Maslow (2nd of two lectures)

Ellen Kessel Lecture

CORRECTION: EXAM 2 remains on Tues the 12th as indicated on the website. EW


Ellen Kessel .ppt

Ellen Kessel Notes

Psych. Today Interview:

Nov 12 Tu



Exam 3 Grades
(click here)

Nov 14 Th


No class - due to illness.

Article: The Self Revisited


Nov 19 Tu

Seymour Epstein EW

Lecture Notes #13
Self Theory

Nov 21 Th

Seymour Epstein

Cognitive Self Theory

Ecological Study of Emotions Interview




Nov 26 Tu

Self Esteem Assessment - Ellen Kessel

Attachment Theory - Infant Assessment

Logic of Bowlby's Theory

Mother's Arms Essay

Ainsworth & Bowlby (1991)


Dec 3 Tu

Attachment Theory

Lecture recording

John Bowlby and Attachment interview

The Strange Situation

Lecture Slides
Updated 12/6/2013
Dec 5 Th
Attachment Theory- Adult Assessment

Testing the prototype hypothesis

Lecture recording

Lecture Notes
Updated 12/5/2013

Dec 17 Tue


(Required Exam 4 and Optional Comprehensive Exam)

11:15-1:45 Frey Hall 102

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Course Notes

Lecture notes on selected topics will be available on this web site. They typically will be posted the day after class and will remain for the entire semester. On-line notes are provided as supplements to class notes. They outline and organize (and at points explain) lecture material. They are not a substitute for attending class and do not cover assigned readings.

Note: Web sites can become unavailable. Do not wait until the last minute to use information from this site. Problems with the web site will not be accepted as an excuse for late work or poor performance. 

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Prerequisite: Psy 240 (Surv. Soc. Psych)
Advisory Prerequisite PSY 310 (Research and Writing in Psychology)


Students should learn to identify the key principles and distinctive features of each of the major personality theories presented in the class and in course readings. They should also learn to compare major personality theories in terms of these key features and identify which of these theories are most relevant to specific kinds of current-day issues that are important to individuals and society. They should also be able to list and compare the implications of each theory for personality development and adjustment.


Attendance and Make Up Policy

Attendance at lectures is important. The notes and readings posted on the course web site summarize and supplement the lectures. They are not a substitute for attending lectures. Students are responsible on exams for all the material presented in lectures as well as material posted online.

Make-up exams are available for documented medical excuses. The documentation must state that the student was unable to attend class on the day and time of a specific exam, or indicate that the student was unable to study during a specific period of time. If you are unable to obtain such documentation, speak to the instructor.

All missed exams must be made up before the next scheduled exam. If this is a problem (e.g., illness lasts longer than this) contact the instructor to make alternative arrangements.

With advance notice from the student, make-up exams will be available for absences related to university sanctioned events (e.g., athletic games; Stony Brook in Albany)

Students are encouraged to use office hours to clarify material from lectures or online materials. In doing so, students should bring their own notes to the meeting and have in mind specific questions. In order to make office hours available to as many students as request needed, the instructor and TA's will not use this time to repeat material for students who missed class. 

There will not be opportunities for individual “extra credit” assignments (i.e., no assignments that are not made available to all students in the course).

Description and Schedule of Required Readings and Assignments

Lecture dates, topics, notes, and associated readings will be posted on the course   (all lower-case letters).

Note that websites, like all computer-based  information systems, are not 100% reliable. Study (and seek help in office hours) in a timely manner. If you wait until the last minute to use the online course materials, you risk getting yourself in a difficult situation.

We will not be using Blackboard.  Exam results will be posted on the course web site. Final leter grades will be posted on SOLAR only.

Exams    (Note: the following is a change from previous semesters.)

Course grades will be based on four (4) multiple-choice exams.  The first three exams will be administered in class. The fourth exam will be administered during the assigned FINAL EXAM period.
In addition to the four regular exams, students will have the option of taking a fifth (comprehensive) exam.  This can be taken along with the required Exam 4 in the Final Exam period. The comprehensive exam will cover  material from the entire course.  The score from this exam can be used to replace one lower exam score or the zero assigned to an exam that was missed and not made up. If you take the optional comprehensive exam and including it in your average would result in a lower average, the comprehensive exam grade will be ignored. That is, taking the optional comprehensive exam can help, but cannot hurt, your final grade.


Grades will be based on the average of your four (or five) exam grades.  Each exam will be weighted equally in the average. Final letter grades will be assigned on the basis of avreage % correct across your four (or five) exams. Approximate cut offs on the basis of grades currently available are: A=>80%, B=>71%, C=>60%, D&F = <60% or less.
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